On Spaces and Rights: Refugee Hosting and Settlement Policies in Lebanon and Turkey

Évènement

Pavillon Chancellor-Day NCDH 202, 3644, rue Peel, Montréal, QC, H3A 1W9, CA

La Chaire Oppenheimer en droit public international, en collaboration avec le Centre pour les droits de la personne et le pluralisme juridique, organise un panel de discussion qui comparera les politiques d'accueil des réfugiés en Turquie et au Liban, et comment certaines de ces politiques reposent sur l'exclusion institutionnelle, sociale, économique et spatiale.

Résumé

[En anglais seulement] Refugee populations are often perceived as an unexpected, disruptive, and temporary burden. This perception often drives countries of asylum to adopt short-term and exclusionary policies regarding refugees’ rights and settlements strategies.

Almost 85% of the world’s refugees are in the Middle East & North Africa. This region has witnessed during the last few decades two of the most significant refugee crises. First, with the Palestinian refugee influx in 1948. Second, with the Syrian conflict after 2011. While in Turkey, the Syrian refugee population is estimated to be of nearly 3.5 million, Lebanon is hosting almost 500,000 Palestinians and 1.5 million Syrians.

This presentation compares refugee hosting and settlements policies in Turkey and in Lebanon. It seeks to demonstrate that in Lebanon, the same policies, those adopted 70 years ago vis-à-vis the Palestinians, are being implemented today with Syrian refugees. These policies are based on institutional, social, economic and spatial exclusion.

Seeking to dissuade refugees from staying, they engender similar drawbacks: competition over housing and jobs, refugee exploitation, increasing poverty, growing social tensions, security breaches, and (sometimes armed) ghettoization. The Lebanese experience will be then compared with the Turkish hosting policies for Syrian refugees, with an emphasis on the Turkey-EU deal.

This panel highlights the importance of long-term planning and development strategies for refugees. It examines the benefits of integrative approaches and refugee empowerment for both refugee and host populations.

Les participant.e.s

  • Rouba Al-Salem est boursière Steinberg en droit et politique des migrations internationales au Centre sur les droits de la personne et du pluralisme juridique de la Faculté de droit de l'Université McGill.
  • Faten Kikano est chercheuse et doctorante à la Faculté de l'aménagement de l'Université de Montréal.
  • Semuhi Sinanoğlu est un consultant en matière de politique turque et un boursier de la Fondation Jeanne Sauvé.
  • Nandini Ramanujam, Directrice exécutive du Centre sur les droits de la personne et le pluralisme juridique, agira comme modératrice.