Careers in Sociology

Sociologists pursue many different kinds of careers. They work as analysts in the private sector or in government.  They can join marketing firms and public health organizations.  They are often critical contributors to advocacy groups or non-profit organizations.  The research skills and understanding of social processes that sociology majors gain are an excellent foundation for professional degrees in fields such as law, medicine, business, and government.

The American Sociological Association in their brochure “Sociology, a 21st Century Major” lists the following ways in which Sociology will give you the tools to navigate the changing world:

  • Conduct research and analyze data.  In Sociology you use both qualitative and quantitative research methods.  Learn to recognize trends and patterns and produce social statistics such as those used in market research, opinion polling, program evaluation, sales and countless other applications.
  • Communicate skillfully.  Learn how to convey your ideas effectively in writing and in presentations.  Strong communication skills are essential for success in the 21st century.
  • Practice critical thinking.  Learn to look beyond the surface of issues to discover the “why.”  Build your analytical skills. Solve problems and identify opportunities. 
  • Gain a global perspective.  Learn about different cultures and how to analyze the interaction of groups and societies through a global and historical perspective. 
  • Prepare for graduate school. An undergraduate major in sociology provides an excellent foundation for graduate study in a wide range of fields including law, business, social work, medicine, public health, public administration and, of course, sociology. 

Work Study employment

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For more information on careers with a bachelor’s degree in sociology see caps.mcgill.ca/handouts/whattodo/sociology.pdf