Cold and Flu

Symptoms of Cold and Flu

It's cold and flu season.  Here are some ways to prevent getting sick.  

  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
  • Preferably sneeze or cough in your sleeve or use a tissue, then discard the used tissue immediately, and wash your hand or use a sanitizer to clean them 
  • Clean hard surfaces with a disinfectant
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers, you can buy individual bottles that you can carry with you.

If you are already feeling unwell, your symptoms could indicate: 


  • No fever (temperature less than 38°C or 100.4°F)
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy Nose
  • Runny Nose

With these symptoms, it's best to stay home and get some rest.


  • Have a fever (temperature less than 38°C or 100.4°F)
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle Aches
  • Headache
  • Significant Fatigue


It's probably the flu, it's best to stay home and get some rest. 

Taking Care of Yourself

With both a cold and flu, taking care of yourself in the following ways will help you recover more quickly. 

  • Drink plenty of fluids (6-8 glasses per day). Try drinking hot fluids to help with nasal and chest congestion.
  • Humidify the air using a vaporizer (either cool mist or warm mist works). This will help relieve a sore throat or dry cough.
  • Get enough rest. Fatigue can increase the duration of symptoms. Staying in bed will also avoid spreading the infection to others.
  • Use saline drops or spray to loosen nasal congestion.
  • Use non-medicated hard lozenges or candy to soothe a sore throat or cough.
  • Gargle with salt water to relieve a dry throat.
  • Stop or reduce smoking. People who smoke tend to get colds more often. Their colds also last longer and they cough more frequently.

If you have further questions, call Info-Sante at 811, or the Student Health Clinic to speak with a nurse at 514-398-6017.